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GEN Routines: Waveshaping

GEN13, GEN14

  f  #    time    size    13    xint    xamp    h0    h1   h2  .  .  .  hn 

  f  #    time    size    14    xint    xamp    h0    h1   h2  .  .  .  hn 


These subroutines use Chebyshev coefficients to generate stored polynomial functions which, under waveshaping, can be used to split a sinusoid into harmonic partials having a pre-definable spectrum.


size – number of points in the table. Must be a power of 2 or a power-of-2 plus 1 (see f statement). The normal value is power-of-2 plus 1.

xint – provides the left and right values [-xint, +xint] of the x interval over which the polynomial is to be drawn. These subroutines both call GEN03 to draw their functions; the p5 value here is therefor expanded to a negative-positive p5, p6 pair before GEN03 is actually called. The normal value is 1.

xamp – amplitude scaling factor of the sinusoid input that is expected to produce the following spectrum.

h0, h1, h2, .... hn – relative strength of partials 0 (DC), 1 (fundamental), 2 ... that will result when a sinusoid of amplitude

  xamp * int(size/2)/xint 

is waveshaped using this function table. These values thus describe a frequency spectrum associated with a particular factor xamp of the input signal.


GEN13 is the function generator normally employed in standard waveshaping. It stores a polynomial whose coefficients derive from the Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind, so that a driving sinusoid of strength xamp will exhibit the specified spectrum at output. Note that the evolution of this spectrum is generally not linear with varying xamp. However, it is bandlimited (the only partials to appear will be those specified at generation time); and the partials will tend to occur and to develop in ascending order (the lower partials dominating at low xamp, and the spectral richness increasing for higher values of xamp). A negative hn value implies a 180 degree phase shift of that partial; the requested full-amplitude spectrum will not be affected by this shift, although the evolution of several of its component partials may be. The pattern +,+,-,-,+,+,... for h0,h1,h2... will minimize the normalization problem for low xamp values (see above), but does not necessarily provide the smoothest pattern of evolution.

GEN14 stores a polynomial whose coefficients derive from Chebyshevs of the second kind.


  f    1    0   1025    13    1   1    0    5    0    3    0   1 

This creates a function which, under waveshaping, will split a sinusoid into 3 odd-harmonic partials of relative strength 5:3:1.

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GEN Routines: Waveshaping